Thirteenth Generation


7930. François Étienne BOUCHARD was born in 1622 in Paris (St-Paul) (Paris) (Ile-de-France Region), France.2948,1770,1958 He was a member of the Montréal Grand Recruitment of 1653. This was a group of about 100 men who were recruited by Governor and founder of Montréal, Paul de Chomedy, Sieur de Maisonneuve, to help defend Ville-Marie (Montréal) from the constant attacks by the Iroquois. They originally set sail aboard the "Saint-Nicolas-de-Nantes" from the port of Saint-Nazaire on 20 June 1653. The trip to New France was treacherous to say the least. After traveling more than 1400 miles, the vessel had to travel to an island to find another ship after taking on water. On 20 July 1653, one month after their original departure, the new ship set sail. The recruits arrived at their destination on 20 September. He was a Surgeon ('chirurgien de Montreal'). François soon obtained permission to break his commitment to the Company of Montréal since, as of March 1655, he signed a contract with about forty inhabitants of Ville-Marie, for “one hundred cents payable in two portions”. His job was to “treat all kinds of illnesses, both natural and accidental”, with the exception of certain diseases such as the plague, the pox, and leprosy.2661 Supposedly, Francois Etienne Bouchard ignored his young wife in the early years of their marriage. This culminated in June of 1660 when he accused her of adultery with Jean Aubuchon. Her husband was given a choice to forgive her or to return her to her parents. He chose to forgive her. He was possibly a member of the "vingtième escouade” (17th squad) of the 'Milice de la Sainte-Famille de Jésus, Marie et Joseph' that existed between 1663 and 1666 to provide additional protection to the colonists who were constantly being attacked by the Iroquois (listed as "Lavallée). Sieur de Maisonneuve, first Governor of Montréal, raised this group to provide relief to the militia forces in Montréal, Trois-Rivières and Québec. They had been on almost constant duty and had been accompanying the farmers to the fields during the day, regularly patrolling the St. Lawrence River, and standing guard at their posts on the walls of the settlements every night. The existing militia unit in Montréal simply did not have sufficient men to continue to perform all the required duties. Montréal, situated close to the main Iroquois invasion route on the Richelieu River, was far more vulnerable to raids than Trois-Rivières and Québec. The 'Soldats de la Milice de la Sainte-Famille de Jésus, Marie et Joseph' consisted of 20 squads of 7 men each. Their job was to provide additional guards for workers in the fields and relieve the Montreal militia for nightly guard duty on the walls of the town. Following the arrival of the Carignan Regiment in 1665, Governor de Maisonneuve disbanded the 'Soldats de la Sainte-Famille de Jésus, Marie et Joseph'. During the three years of the existence of the 'Milice de la Sainte-Famille", the unit lost only eight men to Iroquois war parties. He appeared in the census in 1666 (age 44) with his 22-year old wife and three young children (ages 5, 3 and 1). He is listed as a 'chirurgien' and 'habitant'. He appeared in the census in 1667 in Montréal (Québec Province), Canada with his wife, Marguerite "Boissele", and three children (Zacharie, Paul, Marie Francoise). The couple owned 1 beast and had 1 arpent of land. In June 1676, Francois Etienne Bouchard wrote a declaration against his wife before the notary Basset. He learned "the continuation of the scandalous life leads his wife to Québec and from which life he had always subject to complain to justice". A month later, Francois died leaving Marguerite a widow at the age of 33. François was buried on 20 July 1676 in Montréal (Nôtre Dame)(Québec Province), Canada.1,2662 Marguerite BOISSEL and François Étienne BOUCHARD were married on 6 August 1657 at Notre Dame in Québec (Québec Province), Canada. He was about 35 years of age and his bride was 14 at the time of their marriage.1,2663

7931. Marguerite BOISSEL was born about 1643 in Beaupre (Québec Province), Canada. She was baptized on 23 September 1643 at Notre Dame in Québec (Québec Province), Canada.1,2664 Supposedly, Marguerite's husband, Francois Etienne Bouchard ignored his young wife in the early years of their marriage. This culminated in June of 1660 when he accused her of adultery with Jean Aubuchon. Her husband was given a choice to forgive her or to return her to her parents. He chose to forgive her. She appeared in the census in 1666 with her 44-year old husband and three young children (ages 5, 3 and 1). Marguerite is listed as age 22. Marguerite appeared in the census in 1667 in Montréal (Québec Province), Canada with her husband, Étienne Bouchard, and three children (Zacharie, Paul, Marie Francoise). The couple owned 1 beast and had 1 arpent of land. In June 1676, Francois Etienne Bouchard wrote a declaration against his wife before the notary Basset. He learned "the continuation of the scandalous life leads his wife to Québec and from which life he had always subject to complain to justice". A month later, Francois died leaving Marguerite a widow at the age of 33. On 2 August 1682, the widowed Marguerite, age 39, was brought before the Sovereign Council to be interrogated about giving birth to an out-of-wedlock child with Pierre Dubreuil, brigadier and guard of the Governor. At the time, she was living on Rue-Sainte-Anne in Québec.1484 In early 1687, Marguerite married for a second time to Julien Joyau dit d'Olonne. However, it appears that Marguerite had not mellowed through the years. A number of legal matters found involving Marguerite and other family members would seem to indicate that both she and her brothers were often involved in unscrupulous behavior. On 14 July 1692, Marguerite and two of her brothers filed suit against their mother, Marie Éripel, ordering that she provide an account of the community assets of her deceased husband, Jacques Boissel, so that the assets could be shared with his heirs.2155 In the summer of 1692, criminal proceedings were brought against Marguerite and her brother, Gilles, for a violent assault against Jean Vergeat Prénouveau, their brother-in-law.2155 In 1693, Marguerite testified in the trial of her brother who was accused of stealing and killing a cow belonging to a Québec merchant.2155 She died on 12 April 1731 at the age of 88 in Montréal (Québec Province), Canada.2665 She was buried on 13 April 1731 in Montréal (Nôtre Dame)(Québec Province), Canada.2665

(Note: Marguerite's 2nd marriage was to Julien Joyau dit d'Olonne at Nôtre Dame in Québec on 7 January 1687.)

Children were:

i.

Zacharie BOUCHARD was baptized on 17 April 1661 in Montréal (Québec Province), Canada. He was born about 1661 in Montréal (Québec Province), Canada.

ii.

Paul BOUCHARD was baptized on 10 February 1663 in Montréal (Québec Province), Canada. He was born about 1663 in Montréal (Québec Province), Canada.

iii.

Marie-Francoise BOUCHARD was baptized on 9 March 1665 in Montréal (Québec Province), Canada. She was buried on 27 January 1677 in Montréal (Nôtre Dame)(Québec Province), Canada.2662

iv.

Jean-Marie BOUCHARD was born on 3 August 1667 in Québec (Québec Province), Canada.2666 He was baptized on 4 August 1667 at Notre Dame in Québec (Québec Province), Canada.2666

v.

Antoine BOUCHARD was born about 1669 in Montréal (Québec Province), Canada. He was baptized on 4 December 1669 in Montréal (Québec Province), Canada. He died before 1681 at the age of 12.

3965

vi.

Marie Anne BOUCHARD.

vii.

Marie-Jeanne BOUCHARD was born on 10 July 1675 in Québec (Québec Province), Canada. She was baptized on 10 July 1675 in Québec (Québec Province), Canada.