What do we know about Guillaume Lemoine (c1699-1771)?
Guillaume Lemoine, progneitor of a majority of the Louisiana Lemoines, was supposedly born c1699 in Le Havre, France, located in the Department of Seine-Maritime (Region - Normandie). However, after searching the Catholic sacramental records of Le Havre, it appears that Guillaume was not baptized there nor is there any indication that his parents were baptized, married or baptized other children there (Notre Dame or St. Francois of Le Havre). It is possible, however, that the family moved there after the birth of their children and, as a result, left no sacramental paper trail.
NOTE: There is NO indication that Guillaume Lemoine was, in any way, related to the infamous 'Le Moyne' family (Iberville & Bienville Le Moyne) although there are several sites on the Internet that make this claim simply because the father of Guillaume is, supposedly, named 'Jacques' (same name as one of the siblings of the infamous Le Moyne brothers).
The first indication of Guillaume in the new world appears to be a marriage entry which appears in the Kaskaskia Manuscripts (Illinois) between 'Lemoine' & 'Ledoux' dated 28 April 1722. Another page from the Kaskaskia Manuscripts provides the first name of the bride & groom: Guillaume Lemoine & Theraize LeDoux. (NOTE: Although it has always been speculated that this Kaskaskia marriage is, indeed, OUR Guillaume Lemoine, it cannot be proven 100% at this time. However, we do know that Guillaume Lemoine worked for the Company of the Indies, was a captain of a boat and that, to date, no other Guillaume Lemoine has been found in early colonial records. Does this prove that the marriage to LeDoux is our Guillaume? Not necessarily. However, there is a very strong possibily that this marriage is referring to our Guillaume and should be noted with the usual degree of suspicion.)
Close-up of Lemoine / LeDoux marriage entry from page listed above
Reference to marriage contract between Guillaume Lemoine & Theraize LeDoux from Kaskaskia Manuscripts
Brown and Dean's "The Village of Chartres in Colonial Illinois", pages 810-811, refers to an act passed before the Notary Buffereau de Bellegarde, at Fort de Chartres on 17 May 1723 which would seem to indicate that Theraize (Thérèse) LeDoux was deceased. "Guillaume Lemoine...captain of a bateau of the Royal Indies Company, who, being ready to make a trip to the seas, and wishing in case of death to dispose of his property and affairs, hereby gives, cedes, and abandons, in case of death, to Francoise, daughter of Therese LeDoux dit Latreille, in her lifetime wife of the giver, all his property and effects...for the sake of the friendship and affection he has always felt for the said Francoise." (This was executed and done in the Storehouse of the Royal Indies Company at Fort de Chartres on the 17th of May 1723. The said Guillaume has declared that he does not know how to sign the document. K345) (Document) (NOTE: It has been brought to my attention that this document is likely referring to a son of Therese (Thérèse) LeDoux dit Latreille named François rather than a daughter named Françoise. Upon close examination of the document, it appears that the child's name appears to lack an 'e' at the end which would indicate that the child is a male. The word 'daughter' in french (fille) almost appears to be 'fils' (son) although this is not quite as easy to accurately decipher as the two occurrences of the child's first name. However, based on the spelling of the first name, I would tend to agree that the child was probably a male.)
On 4 April 1725, Guillaume Lemoine married Marie Sanmerine in New Orleans.
(Archdiocese of New Orleans Marriage Certification)
La transcription et la translation de l'original, illustré à la page prochaine par Sheldon L. Roy, 27 février 2015 (Thank you Sheldon!)
French translation of Guillaume Lemoine & Marie Sanmerine Marriage Record
GUILLAUME LE MOINE, PATRON, AVEC MARIE SANMERINE Registre de Mariage, Église Saint-Louis, Roi de France Nouvelle-Orléans, Louisiane, Nouvelle-France No. 189 L'an 1725, le 4ème avril, après avoir publié un bane et dispensé de deux autres et du temps prohibé par l'église, entre Guillaume Lemoine, patron de Chaloupe de la compie, fils de Jacques Lemoine, navigateur, et de Jeanne du Havre de Grâce, paroisse Notre Dame, d'une part ; et Marie Sanmerine, fille de Elmaël Sanmerine et d'Anne Marie Edelmé, native du Palatinat, d'autre part ; n'ayant part trouvé d’empêchement canonique à l'effet du mariage, je soussigné prêtre Capucin, curé de La Nlle. Orléans et vicaire général de monsigr de Québec, ay reçu leur consentement mutuel et leur ay donné la bénédiction nuptiale, le jour et an que dessus les procédés, témoins soussignés par les sieurs Bissard dit Laforge, Pierre François Fontaine, Nicolas Delorge, Guillaume Huevieu, qui ayant leur déclarés, ne savoir signé, ont fait leurs marques ordinaires et a signé seulement curé, Mons. Bruno et V. Hyacinthe de l’ordre prêtres Capucin missionnaire.
English translation of Guillaume Lemoine & Marie Sanmerine Marriage Record
GUILLAUME LE MOINE, MASTER [OF HIS TRADE], WITH MARIE SANMERINE The year 1725, the 4th of April, after having published one bann, and dispensed the two others and the period proscribed by the Church, between Guillaume Lemoine, boat captain for the company, son of Jacques Lemoine, Navigator, and of Jeanne of Harve de Grâce, the Parish of Notre Dame, for his part; and Marie Sanmerine, daughter of Elmaël Sanmerine and of Anne Marie Edelmé, native of Pfalz, for the other part; not having found any canonical impediment to the validity of marriage, I, the undersigned Capuchin pastor of New Orleans and Vicar General for the Bishop of Québec, have received their mutual consent and given them the nuptial blessing, on the aforementioned day and year of these proceedings, the undersigned witnesses, the Sirs Bissard dit Laforge, Pierre François Fontaine, Nicolas Delorge, Guillaume Huevieu, who, having declared they could not sign, have made their ordinary marks, and have only the signature of the parish priest, Messrs. Bruno and V. Hyacinthe, of the Capuchin Order of missionary priests.
Even though Guillaume had married in Louisiana the previous year, another document can be found in colonial Illinois dated 27 September 1726 which is possibly referring
to our Guillaume although this is not confirmed. The document in question refers to 'Lenormant' but there were
at least two other people who were referred to as LeNormand (Fosse or
Labriere) in some colonial Illinois documents from this timeframe. However, it is interesting that a man by the name of Destrumelle is mentioned in this
document because he was also witness to the Lemoine-Latrielle document
in 1723. Also, this document indicates that Lenormand is a "master
of the bateaux of the Royal Indies" which is also indicated on the 1723
Fort Chartres document which lists Guillaume as "Guillaume Lemoine dit
Also in 1726, we find Guillaume LeMoyne dit LeNormand, his wife and one infant listed on the 1726 Census of New Orleans living on Rue Royalle - Page 30. (Note: Which infant is this? Is this Marie Jeanne? Louis? Another child?)
Assuming that the 1726 Illinois document listed above is, indeed, referring to Guillaume Lemoine, it would seem to confirm that Guillaume was traveling back and
forth between Louisiana and the Illinois country as an employee of the Company of the Indies. Could this, somehow, explain why baptismal records for Marie Jeanne and
Louis have not surfaced? Could the family have been in transit during the births of these two children and, as a result, they were not baptized or the baptisms were
not recorded? There was a "Le Normand" enumerated in Illinois in the 1726 Census - Page 14. He was living alone with one "slave savage". Could Guillaume have been in Illinois at the time that their census was taken and was, therefore, enumerated twice in the same census?
In the records of the Louisiana Superior Council, there is a petition dated 20 December 1730 (3pp. No. 30274. See 314) which could be related to Guillaume and
his wife, Marie L'Este Sanmerine, although this is not proven but is worth noting for future reference (the record could refer to Captain Antoine Lemoine whose name also appears in many of the records of
the Louisiana Superior Council). "Mr. Rossard seeks action of restraint on one LeMoyne, whose inflammable shanty is supposed to trespass on R's ground, making
added nuisance of over flowing rain water. Referred to Mr. Broutin, who reports that there is no encroachment on R.'s ground, save by projecting roof of the
But the mud and woodwork chimney is dangerous, and should be replaced by an approved brick chimney. The roof should be receded, and a spout installed. But anyhow the shanty is rotting and worthless.
Notice served on LeMoyne.
In 1737, a document can be found dated 3 December in which Guillaume acknowledges his debt to the Company of the Indies. This is a description of the document as outlined in the July 1926 issue of The Louisiana Historical Quarterly:
1737 Indebtedness to the Company - Lemoine - Document Page 1
1737 Indebtedness to the Company - Lemoine - Document Page 2
1737 Indebtedness to the Company - Lemoine - Document Page 3
On 20 March 1739, Guillaume Lemoine's name is mentioned in a Sale of Real Property document. The document is important because it provides some insight into where Guillaume lived sometime prior to 1739:
"Sale of Real Property before Henry, Notary Royal. Marie Angelique, called Isabelle, a free negro woman, formerly owned by Mr. de Chavannes, cedes and transfers a lot numbered 95 Royal Street to Sr. Claude Villars De Breuil, Contractor for Public Works, for the King, said Isabelle having acquired said property from one Jacques Dupre, under private seal, said Dupre having had it from Francois Brunet, who bought it from Guillaume Le Moyne, who acquired it from Charles Gerbin, who acquired it from Louis Porquier, wife of Giles Goubet, to whom it had been ceded by the Superior Council. Isabelle has sold said lot for the sum of 600 livres which Sr. Du Breuil has paid cash. Signed by Du Breuil, de Chavannes, Roumier, Jahan, Henry, notary."
By 1741, Guillaume Lemoine and Marie L'Este Sanmerine had (at least) 6 children (Marie Jeanne, Louis, Simon, Antoinette, Marie Françoise and Jean Baptiste). (Update: Nov. 2016 - Found baptismal record for another child of this couple. Françoise was baptized on 29 June 1731 at St. Louis Church in New Orleans at the age of about three months.) The baptisms of the first two children have not been found; the last four were recorded at St. Francis Church in Pointe Coupée. On 15 November of this year, Guillaume's wife, Marie Sanmerine (identified as Marie Leste), dies at the age of 35. It is very possible that she died of complications arising from the birth of their son, Jean Baptiste, who was baptized on 24 September. The burial record states that she was "decede quatre heures" which seems to indicate that she had died four hours prior to her burial or, perhaps, she died at four o'clock. Marie's burial was recorded at Pointe Coupée:1741 Burial of Marie Sanmerine at Pointe Coupee- Copy 1
1741 Burial of Marie Sanmerine at Pointe Coupee - Copy 2
Sixteen months after the death of Marie Sanmerine, Guillaume Lemoine married for a third time. On 10 August 1742, his marriage to Marie Gognard (likely Gagnard) was recorded at the church of St. Francois in Pointe Coupée. The record states that the couple were married after the publication of three banns of marriage and, for the first time, the surname of his mother is identified as Madre. The document also identifies Marie Sanmerine as Marie Lete. The parents of Marie Gognard are identified as Jean Gognard and Françoise Paudrie, she is described as a "native of St. Erbilon in Bretagne, Diocese of Nantes" and indicates that she is the widow of Michel Lemoine.1742 Marriage of Lemoine/Gagnard- Copy 1
1742 Marriage of Lemoine/Gagnard - Copy 2
On 15 April 1744, an interesting document is found in the Records of the Superior Council of Louisiana that provides an insight into the life of Guillaume Lemoine. In this apprenticeship document, we learn that Guillaume is both a shoemaker and tanner and he has agreed to provide an apprenticeship in these two trades to the son of Paul Moreau. Perhaps more interesting, however, is the fact that Paul Moreau is going to teach Guillaume how to read and write. A synopsis of the document was provide in a 1930 issue of Louisiana Historical Quarterly.
"Act before Bernard Louis Potin, notary of Pointe Coupee, between Guillaume Lemoine, called Le Normand, and Paul Moreau, who for the space of three years apprentices his son to said Lemoine to learn the trades of shoemaker and tanner, conditions and stipulated.
1744 Apprenticeship - Lemoine/Moreau - Document Page 1
1744 Apprenticeship - Lemoine/Moreau - Document Page 2
On 29 June 1744, another document can be found in the Records of the Louisiana Superior Council involving Guillaume Lemoine. The following description of the document can be found in the January 1930 issue of The Louisiana Historical Quarterly:
1744 Obligation to build house for Lemoine - Lemoine/Payev - Document Page 1
1744 Obligation to build house for Lemoine - Lemoine/Payev - Document Page 2
Guillaume Lemoine and his wife, Marie "Gonnard" are listed on the 1745 Census of Pointe Coupee.
On 6 March 1748, Guillaume Lemoine entered into a Contract of Apprenticeship with Maurice Levesque for the benefit of Guillaume's son, Louis. A synopsis of the document was provided in a 1936 issue of The Louisiana Historical Quarterly:
"Contract of Apprenticeship, passed before Notary, between Guillaume Lemoyne, acting as tutor to Louis Lemoyne, aged sixteen years, and Maurice Levesque, a cobbler. Said Louis Lemoyne to be bound to Levesque for three years, on stipulated conditions. ... Signed: Chantalou; Lenormand; Henry, notary".1748 Apprenticeship Contract - Lemoine/Levesque - Document Page 1
1748 Apprenticeship Contract - Lemoine/Levesque - Document Page 2
1748 Apprenticeship Contract - Lemoine/Levesque - Document Page 3
After nineteen years of marriage, Marie Gagnard (Joignard) died on 6 September 1761 ("la veille" - the eve). She was buried at Pointe Coupée the following day. Her last name is listed as Joignard on the burial record. In this document, Guillaume is referred to as 'Sieur Lemoine'.1761 Burial Record of Marie Gagnard/Joignard - Copy 1
1761 Burial Record of Marie Gagnard/Joignard - Copy 2
On 5 January 1762, a receipt can be found in which "Guillaume Lemoine dit Norman acknowledges having received from Sieur Joseph Lafleur his son-in-law the sum of 1000 livres for land bought from him".1762 Receipt - Lemoine to LaFleur - Index
1762 Receipt - Lemoine to LaFleur - Document Page 1
1762 Receipt - Lemoine to LaFleur - Document Page 2
On 1 May 1762, Guillaume Lemoine signed a marriage contract with Marie Magdeleine (Magdelene) Cordier as he prepared to enter his fourth and final marriage. This is a synopsis of the marriage contract that appeared in The Louisiana Historical Quarterly in 1940:
"Marriage Contract passed before the Royal Notary of Pointe Coupee on May 1, 1762 between Guillaume Lemoyne called Lenormant, inhabitant of said post. Diocese of Quebec, widower of the late marie Guinard; and Marie Magdeleine Cordier, widow of Feulonis Robillard, former inhabitant of Illinois.
1762 Lemoine/Cordier Marriage Contract - Document Page 1
1762 Lemoine/Cordier Marriage Contract - Document Page 2
1762 Lemoine/Cordier Marriage Contract - Document Page 3
1762 Lemoine/Cordier Marriage Contract - Document Page 4
Guillaume Lemoine married for the forth and final time on 4 May 1762 in Pointe Coupee to Marie Magdeleine (Magdelene) Cordier. In the marriage record, she is identified as the widow of 'Jean Baptiste Robillard' (aka: Charles Louis "Feulonis" Robillard). She had married Robillard in Biloxi in 1721.1762 Marriage Record Lemoine/Cordier - Copy 1
1762 Marriage Record Lemoine/Cordier - Copy 2
On 25 January 1763, a discharge of obligation can be found involving Guillaume Lemoine. A synopsis of the document appeared in a 1941 issue of The Louisiana Historical Quarterly:
"Before the Royal Notary of Pointe Coupee appeared Guillaume Lemoine called Le Normant, inhabitant of this Post, who, by these presents, acknowledged having received from Sieur Nicolas Lamathe the amount that the latter owed him for the land that was farmed out by said Lemoyne to said Lamathe, for the past five years, as well as for all the slaves, cattle and implements that were delivered to said Lamathe by means of a deed under private signature; for which sum, slaves, cattle and implements Sr. Lamathe was discharged by Sr. Lemoine, who promised to have him released also by whomsoever else it may concern. Done and passed at the said Post of Pointe Coupee on January 25, 1763, in the morning, in the presence of Sieurs Bertrand Guichanduc and Guillaume Marre, competent witnesses, residents of the said Post, who signed these presents, together with the Notary, while Sr. Lemoine stated that he could neither write nor sign. ... (Signed: B'nd Guichanduc; Marre; Benoist, Notary. ... (Signed, in margin): Deverges, De Reggio; Ducros"1763 Discharge of Obligation involving Lemoine - Index
1763 Discharge of Obligation involving Lemoine - Document Page 1
1763 Discharge of Obligation involving Lemoine - Document Page 2
On the same day (25 January 1763), Guillaume Lemoine also entered into a partnership with Nicolas Lamathe. Here is the synopsis of the partnership document which also appeared in a 1941 issue of The Louisiana Historical Quarterly:
"Before the Royal Notary of Pointe Coupee personally appeared Sieur Nicolas Lamathe, merchange of this Post, on one side; and Sieur Guillaume Lemoyne called Le Normant, inhabitant of this Post, on the other side.
1763 Partnership involving Lemoine/Lamathe- Document Page 1
1763 Partnership involving Lemoine/Lamathe - Document Page 2
1763 Partnership involving Lemoine/Lamathe - Document Page 3
Slightly more than nine years later, Guillaume Lemoine's burial is recorded at Pointe Coupée on 8 August 1771. According to the document, Guillaume died "le meme jour" (the same day). He was approximately 72 years of age at the time of his death.1771 Burial Record of Guillaume Lemoine
The burial of Marie Magdeleine (Magdelene) Cordier is recorded at Pointe Coupée on 11 May 1779. According to her burial record, she died "la veille" - the eve - indicating she died on the 10th of May.1779 Burial Record of Marie Cordier - Copy 1
1779 Burial Record of Marie Cordier - Copy 2
Six days after the death of Guillaume Lemoine, his heirs opened his succession. On 27 September 1771, about six weeks after his succession was opened, a succession sale took place. There are two (rather large) documents related to the succession sale that I am posting below. A short description of these two documents can be found on Page 12 of a book by Laverne Thomas III entitled “Pointe Coupée Families in Colonial Louisiana, Abstracts of Civil Records, 1771-1782“. The documents were numbered by the notary/Commandant and the numbers associated with these two documents are 448 and 449. This is the description provided by Thomas:
27 Sep 1771 SALE in Succession of late Guillaume LeMoyne dit Normant. Representing the family: Jean Bte. LeMoyne. Inventory: Passive debts to - heirs, LaVallée minors, Louis Lamathe, Tounoir. Active debts to: Joseph Langevin, Assayé, Francois Barthe, Manuel Louby, Frederic, Bissonnier, Arseneau, Barré, LaMathe, Bayonne, Pambrun, Jos. Olivier Mathurin Thomas Thomas Morin, Poullain, Bouchard dit LaVallée, Remy, Blanpain, Guichanduc, Etienne Roy, August Langlois, Beroir, Jos. Tessier & Co. Desmoulin, Claude Guity, Preformat, Francois, Jacques, Fracanoir (?), Gadouar, (blank line in Thomas' book - error in the book or an indication that the original record was unreadable?) ... oine co-heir, Jean Pierre Dufrene, Veuve Chatelleraut, Gremillion. (Note: None of these debts were in money, only goods; LeMoyne must have been a trader or merchant.) Sale proceeds to the farm tools and implements from meager household items; also, a quantity of grains auctioned off & animals, esp. 15 head of cattle which brought excellent prices.
Then the slaves (11): Gardy and wife Marie (800 livres, to Bapt Norman), Jasmey & son (1150 1, to Missionière, sec M Baron, cert. LaPointe) Catherine (1400 1, to Simon LaCour, sec & cert. JB/Colin LaCour bros. Magdelaine & infant son Ahermanelle, to Simon LeMoyne) Barberelle (910 to Quintero, sec DeVilliers, cert Missionière) Pierrot (510 to Simon LaCour,) Antoine (2560 1, to Coureur, sec LaFleur, cert Simon LeMoyne) Deverous, mulatto (3750 1, to LaFleur)
Land: 14 arpents in the L'Anse bordered by Geoffrion dit Tonnerre Juneau dit LaTulippe; small house of bousillage, covered, old chimney, 2 tobacco storehouses, 2 stores, Indigo (this sold very poorly).
Sale: buyers Quintero, DeVilliers, Simon LaCour, Simon LeMoyne, Pierre Cuvillier, Methode, Simon LaVallée. Land sold for 300 livres to Simon LaCour. Total: 19,114 livres
Although Thomas does not indicate this in his synopsis, two additional dates appear on the documents: 30 October 1771 and 6 November 1771. I have begun to translate these documents but have not yet finished. I will post translation when completed.
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