Eleventh Generation


1094. Jean STEPHAN dit ROQUANCOURT was born about 1698 in Bishopric of Cornouaille.1257 He appeared in the census in 1745 in (Pointe Coupée Parish), Louisiana, USA with his wife, Anne. Living with them were Anne's two sons from her marriage to Bordelon - Nicolas and Antoine - as well as the two known children from the marriage of Anne and Jean Stephan - Anne and Perrine (Petronille). He was involved in a farming lease of a habitation to Lamatte and Lapointe in (Pointe Coupée Parish), Louisiana, USA on 1 February 1765.1402 Jean died on 9 October 1776 at the age of 78 in (Pointe Coupée Parish), Louisiana, USA.1771 Anne Françoise ROLAND and Jean STEPHAN dit ROQUANCOURT251 signed a marriage contract on 22 February 1737. Jean was a resident of Pointe Coupée at the time.2115

1095. Anne Françoise ROLAND was born about 1699 in Paris (Paris) (Ile-de-France Region), France and was baptized at St. Germain l'Auxerrois Parish. Anne's decision to leave her home in Paris at such a young age and move to Louisiane was apparently not her own. It appears that her mother died young and her father was unable to control her behavior during her teenage years. Supposedly, he was very strict and many believe that a jealous step-mother played a roll in Anne's rebellion. In frustration, her father had placed Anne in a convent for two and one half years and then placed her with a dressmaker to learn the trade. However, according to him, nothing had stopped her destructive behavior. She had been arrested several times and was jailed in the infamous La Salpêtrière prison in France. (Note: La Salpêtrière is still in existence as a hospital and it is the hospital in which Princess Diana died.) Her father claimed that she stayed out all night and went to cabarets. She was charged with debaucheries and public prostitution although nothing has been found to prove the prostitution charge. Of course, the definition of such crimes in the early eighteenth century would be comical today. However, by 1719, her father felt he could no longer handle her. He petitioned the chief of police in Paris and, as a result, she was ordered to be transferred to the New World by order of the King. She likely never saw her family again but little did they know what an exemplary life should would lead and what a huge impact she would have in the settlement of french Louisiana.1593 She came to the New World via/on "La Mutine". The ship, supposedly, sailed some time after 20 October 1719 and arrived at Dauphin Island on 28 February 1720. Although a marriage record has not been found, it appears that she married her first husband, Nicolas Sarazin/Sarrazin a short time after her arrival. This theory is supported by the fact that Anne's name can be found as the godmother of a child in Mobile on 11 August 1721 and Anne was listed in that record as "Dame Anne Francoise Roland, wife of Mr. Sarrazin". She appeared in the census in 1726 at Rue de Chartres in New Orleans (Orleans Parish), Louisiana, USA with her husband, Nicolas Sarazin, and three children.

As I just stated, our g...grandmother, Anne Françoise Roland, married Nicolas Sarazin/Sarrazin a short time after her 1719 arrival in La Nouvelle-Orléans. The couple appears to have had, at least, three children: François, Antoine and Michel. It is possible that there were other children but they have not been confirmed such as a 3-year old named Pierre Sarasin who was buried on 27 October 1731 in La Nouvelle-Orléans (parents not named). There is another child, however, who is of particular interest when researching the life of Anne Françoise. The child was named Nicolas Roland and he was baptized in La Nouvelle-Orléans on 15 January 1730. Nicolas' mother was Anne Françoise Roland and the father of the child was listed as 'unknown' ("le père est inconu") on his baptismal record. The child died on 4 February 1730 and was buried the following day.

My first thought was that he was likely the child of Nicolas Sarazin/Sarrazin and was probably born after Sarazin's death. This seemed plausible - especially since a burial record for Nicolas Sarazin/Sarrazin has not been located - but it was confusing as to why Nicolas Sarazin was not listed simply as the deceased father of the child as was the usual custom. However, I've was able to narrow down the date of Sarazin's death via a 1728 map of La Nouvelle-Orléans which shows that Anne Françoise was a widow by May 1728. In that month, a map of La Nouvelle-Orléans was made by Gonichon and it included a legend. Each house/building on the map was numbered and the legend listed the person/family living at each numbered location. On this map, the Widow Sarazin was living in dwelling #62 - a dwelling on Rue de Chartres in between Rue Saint Louis and Rue Toulouse. This dwelling was located approximately one and a half blocks west of Saint Louis Church. Based on this information, it would have not been possible for Sarazin to be the father of the child baptized in January 1730 as Nicolas Roland. (The first photo below is a portion of the legend from the May 1728 map. The widow Sarazin is listed at the top of the 2nd column. The next photo is a portion of the actual 1728 map. I've added a red star to dwelling #62.)



Could the father of Nicolas Roland have been Gabriel Bordelon? Possibly. Anne Françoise did marry Bordelon on 20 February 1730 - about 2 weeks after the death of Nicolas. However, it would seem that, if this was the case, she would have named the father during the baptism of the child - especially if she intended to marry him a short time later. Therefore, it seems likely that Anne Françoise had a child out-of-wedlock.

Neither Anne or her husband or children appeared in the census in 1731 in New Orleans (Orleans Parish), Louisiana, USA. There has been speculation that Nicolas, the first son of Anne Francoise and Gabriel, was born in Natchez. A number of colonists had been sent there by the french government in early 1730 after the Natchez Massacre of November 1729. If so, it is possible that the family was in Natchez but I have not found a 1731 Natchez census which might shed light on this fact. If Anne Francoise was in Natchez in 1731, that had changed by the following year. She appeared in the census in January 1732 in New Orleans (Orleans Parish), Louisiana, USA as 'Madame Bordelon' with four children (from her first two marriages). There is no man listed in the home which would likely indicate that her second husband, Gabriel Laurens[t] was deceased by that time. She had two slaves at the time of the census. After being a widow for more than six years, Anne Francoise prepared to marry her third husband, Jean Stephan (Stefant) dit Roquancourt in early 1737. The couple signed a marriage contract prior to their marriage and made provisions for five children. Three of the children were the children of Anne and her first husband, Nicolas Sarrazin, while one was the child of Anne and her second husband, Gabriel Laurens[t] Bordelon (Nicolas). However, the fifth child, Francoise, is unidentified. It is unknown if she was Anne's child or the child of Jean Stephan. Anne appeared in the census in 1745 in (Pointe Coupée Parish), Louisiana, USA with her third husband, Jean Stephan. Living with them were Anne's two sons from her marriage to Bordelon - Nicolas and Antoine - as well as the two known children from the marriage of Anne and Jean Stephan - Anne and Perrine (Petronille). She died on 8 January 1758 at the age of 59 in (Pointe Coupée Parish), Louisiana, USA.1594 She was buried on 8 January 1758 in (Pointe Coupée Parish), Louisiana, USA.1595

[Note: Anne was married three times. Her first marriage was to Nicolas Sarrazin in about 1720. Her 2nd marriage was to Gabriel Laurens Bordelon on 20 February 1730 at New Orleans. Her third marriage was to Jean Stephan dit Roquancourt as outlined on this page. Of course, based on the info listed above, she likely had a child out-of-wedlock by an unknown father.]

Children were:

i.

Perrine (Petronille) STEPHAN was born on 26 April 1742 in (Pointe Coupée Parish), Louisiana, USA.2116 She was baptized on 3 May 1742 in (Pointe Coupée Parish), Louisiana, USA.2116

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ii.

Anne STEPHAN.