Eleventh Generation


1094. Jean STEPHAN dit ROQUANCOURT was born about 1698 in Bishopric of Cornouaille.1257 In Glenn R. Conrad's "The First Families of Louisiana", the following entry appears on page 192 of Volume I: "LIST OF TWENTY SOLDIER-WORKERS FROM PLANTIN'S COMPANY WHO EMBARKED ON THE BALEINE, AUGUST 14, 1725, BOUND FOR LOUISIANA FROM LORIENT."page 193: "ETIENNE, Jean (age) 25 Called ROCANCOURT. Native of the parish of Carnot, Bishopric of Quimper in Brittany. Carpenter. Engagé, January 27, 1725." (The name Étienne translates to Stephen/Steven in English.) It appears that soldiers in Plantin's Company were not really soldiers of the King but, rather, members of a private security force contracted by the Company of the Indies. According to "A History of French Louisiana: The Reign of Louis XIV, 1698--1715" (Pages 404-405): "Moreover from 1724 onward, the Company (Company of the Indies) frequently recruited soldier-workmen, mostly taken from Plantin's company whom it intended to use in the construction and fortification works under way in the colony. Nearly 160 of these men traveled to Louisiana between 1724 and 1729. As they were workmen who might also serve as soldiers, they may have been a bit better off, overall than the ordinary soldiers. The latter led a miserable life, even though the Company clothed them for nothing. Their pay came to nine livres twelve sols a month, but after deductions for the food issued to them, they actually pocketed no more than one livre seven sols a month, which was barely enough to find them a place to stay. Since thre were no barracks, they often had to camp out somewhere: the Company did not provide them with beds or straw mattresses. Their food consisted basically of bread, at first made from wheat flour but after 1728 made of flour that was half rice. The bread ration corresponded to about a pound and a third of flour per day. To this was added a daily ration of just over a quarter of a pound of poor-quality bacon, sent from France and usually deteriorated by the time it arrived, together with about the same amount of vegetables and butter - rice being substituted for vegetables in Louisiana and the butter often being replaced by the Indians' bear grease." ..... "Soldier-workmen who had definite trades were given a full set of clothing when they left France and three months' pay in advance, a sum of 22 livres ten sols. It is not clear whether they also received the soldiers' food ration or had to fend for themselves - something barely conceivable, since their pay of 7 livres ten sols per month would have gone entirely for food. By hiring soldier-workmen, the Company saved considerable money, since the pay of a craftsman was 320 livres a year, whereas soldiers received 22 livres ten sols a quarter, or 90 livres a year. But the Company gained little on the military plane, since the men recruited in this way were more interested in practicing their trades than in performing military duties. Besides, in order to be inured to colonial campaignes and all that they entailed, these men would have had to undergo a lengthy training that would have necessitated completely giving up their trades." He appeared in the census in 1745 in (Pointe Coupée Parish), Louisiana, USA with his wife, Anne. Living with them were Anne's two sons from her marriage to Bordelon - Nicolas and Antoine - as well as the two known children from the marriage of Anne and Jean Stephan - Anne and Perrine (Petronille). He was involved in a farming lease of a habitation to Lamatte and Lapointe in (Pointe Coupée Parish), Louisiana, USA on 1 February 1765.1402 Jean died on 9 October 1776 at the age of 78 in (Pointe Coupée Parish), Louisiana, USA.1771 Anne Françoise ROLAND and Jean STEPHAN dit ROQUANCOURT251 signed a marriage contract on 22 February 1737. Jean was a resident of Pointe Coupée at the time and identified as a "native of the Parish of Casnor, Bishopric of Cornouaille".2115

1095. Anne Françoise ROLAND was born about 1699 in Paris (Paris) (Ile-de-France Region), France and was baptized at St. Germain l'Auxerrois Parish. The year of her birth is based on her age in the 1745 census. However, the February 1719 complaint filed against her by her father indicated that she was about 22 years of age at the time. This would put her year of birth as about 1696 or 1697. Anne's decision to leave her home in Paris at such a young age and move to Louisiane was apparently not her own. It appears that her mother died young and her father was unable to control her behavior during her teenage years. Supposedly, he was very strict and many believe that a jealous step-mother played a roll in Anne's rebellion. In frustration, her father had placed Anne in a convent for two and one half years and then placed her with a dressmaker to learn the trade. However, according to him, nothing had stopped her destructive behavior. She had been arrested several times and was jailed in the infamous La Salpêtrière prison in France. (Note: La Salpêtrière is still in existence as a hospital and it is the hospital in which Princess Diana died.) Her father claimed that she stayed out all night and went to cabarets. She was charged with debaucheries and public prostitution although nothing has been found to prove the prostitution charge. Of course, the definition of such crimes in the early eighteenth century would be comical today. However, by 1719, her father felt he could no longer handle her. He petitioned the chief of police in Paris and, as a result, she was ordered to be transferred to the New World by order of the King. (See her father's page for a transcription of the complaint filed by her father.) She likely never saw her family again but little did they know what an exemplary life should would lead and what a huge impact she would have in the settlement of french Louisiana.1593 She came to the New World via/on "La Mutine". The ship appears to have left Le Havre around 12 December 1719 where it traveled to Port Louis on the western side of France. It left Port Louis around the 19th of the same month and arrived at Dauphin Island on 28 February 1720. 3114,1 Although a marriage record has not been found, it appears that she married her first husband, Nicolas Sarazin/Sarrazin a short time after her arrival. Sr. Sarrazin was enumerated in the Mobile census on 28 June 1721 along with his wife. It is believed that this was a reference to Anne Françoise. A short time later, on 10 August 1721, Anne Françoise was named as the godmother of a child baptized that day in Mobile. On this record, she is confirmed as the wife of Sarrazin. She appeared in the census in 1726 at Rue de Chartres in New Orleans (Orleans Parish), Louisiana, USA with her husband, Nicolas Sarazin, and three children. The family had two negro slaves. She then appeared in the July 1727 census at Rue de Chartres in New Orleans with her husband, Nicolas Sarazin, and their three children. The family still had two negro slaves.

As I just stated, our g...grandmother, Anne Françoise Roland, married Nicolas Sarazin/Sarrazin a short time after her 1720 arrival in the Louisiana colony. The couple appears to have had, at least, three children: François, Antoine and Michel. It is possible that there were other children but they have not been confirmed such as a 3-year old named Pierre Sarasin who was buried on 27 October 1731 in La Nouvelle-Orléans (parents not named). There is another child, however, who is of particular interest when researching the life of Anne Françoise. The child was named Nicolas Roland and he was baptized in La Nouvelle-Orléans on 15 January 1730. Nicolas' mother was Anne Françoise Roland and the father of the child was listed as 'unknown' ("le père est inconu") on his baptismal record. The child died on 4 February 1730 and was buried the following day.

My first thought was that he was likely the child of Nicolas Sarazin/Sarrazin and was probably born after Sarazin's death. This seemed plausible - especially since a burial record for Nicolas Sarazin/Sarrazin has not been located - but it was confusing as to why Nicolas Sarazin was not listed simply as the deceased father of the child as was the usual custom. However, I've was able to narrow down the date of Sarazin's death via a 1728 map of La Nouvelle-Orléans which shows that Anne Françoise was a widow by May 1728. In that month, a map of La Nouvelle-Orléans was made by Gonichon and it included a legend. Each house/building on the map was numbered and the legend listed the person/family living at each numbered location. On this map, the Widow Sarazin was living in dwelling #62 - a dwelling on Rue de Chartres in between Rue Saint Louis and Rue Toulouse. This dwelling was located approximately one and a half blocks west of Saint Louis Church. Based on this information, it would have not been possible for Sarazin to be the father of the child baptized in January 1730 as Nicolas Roland. (The first photo below is a portion of the legend from the May 1728 map. The widow Sarazin is listed at the top of the 2nd column. The next photo is a portion of the actual 1728 map. I've added a red star to dwelling #62.)



Could the father of Nicolas Roland have been Gabriel Bordelon? Possibly. Anne Françoise did marry Bordelon on 20 February 1730 - about 2 weeks after the death of Nicolas. However, it would seem that, if this was the case, she would have named the father during the baptism of the child - especially if she intended to marry him a short time later. Therefore, it seems likely that Anne Françoise had a child out-of-wedlock.

Neither Anne, her husband or children appeared in the census taken in 1731 in New Orleans because the census only enumerated those immediately adjacent to the Mississippi River - even those adjacent to the river in the city of New Orleans. There had been speculation that Nicolas, the first son of Anne Françoise and Gabriel, was born in Natchez because no baptismal record had been found for him in New Orleans. A number of colonists had been sent there by the french government in early 1730 after the Natchez Massacre of November 1729. My original thought was that it was possible that the couple had, indeed, moved there which would explain Nicolas' missing baptismal record. However, I was able to obtain a copy of the December 1731 Gonichon map of New Orleans which shows that the "Widow Sarazin" was still identified as a resident and/or owner of the same house on Rue de Chartres that she had lived in at the time that the 1728 Gonichon map was made. Interestingly, she was still identified by the surname of her first husband in the 1731 map although she was married to Bordelon at the time. In addition, two petitions had been filed against Gabriel Bordelon in May and June 1730 in New Orleans. Although parts of these documents are hard to decipher, neither appear to suggest that Gabriel or his wife were absent from the city. This would lead one to believe that the family was living in New Orleans as late as June 1730 and was living there in December 1731. Although they (or Gabriel) could have left for a short time in between these two dates, it is apparent that they did not sell their house. Only a month later, however, she appeared in the census in January 1732 in New Orleans (Orleans Parish), Louisiana, USA as 'Madame Bordelon' with four children (from her first two marriages). There is no man listed in the home which would likely indicate that her second husband, Gabriel Laurens[t] was deceased by that time. She had two slaves at the time of the census. The four children with her were likely three living Sarazin children as well as Nicolas Bordelon, her son with Gabriel. If that is accurate, she must have been pregnant with Antoine at the time of the 1732 census.

After being a widow for more than six years, Anne Francoise prepared to marry her third husband, Jean Stephan (Stefant) dit Roquancourt in early 1737. The couple signed a marriage contract prior to their marriage and made provisions for six children. Three of the children were the children of Anne and her first husband, Nicolas Sarrazin, while two of the children belonged to Anne and her second husband, Gabriel Laurens[t] Bordelon (Nicolas). However, the sixth child, Francoise, is unidentified. It is unknown if she was Anne's child or the child of Jean Stephan. In the contract, it stated that Jean was a resident of Pointe Coupée at the time and identified as a "native of the Parish of Casnor, Bishopric of Cornouaille". 3113,1 On 28 April 1740, Anne Françoise, with the permission of her husband (Stephan dit Roquancourt), went to New Orleans and expressed her intention before the Superior Court to stay there in order to sue Sr. Hebert. She also stated that she expected her traveling expenses to be paid both ways.3112,1 Anne appeared in the census in 1745 in (Pointe Coupée Parish), Louisiana, USA with her third husband, Jean Stephan. Living with them were Anne's two sons from her marriage to Bordelon - Nicolas and Antoine - as well as the two known children from the marriage of Anne and Jean Stephan - Anne and Perrine (Petronille). In addition, the family had 8 slaves. Also, they had, 2 horses, 11 cattle, 4 muskets, 4 powder, 8 lead & balls, 60 corn, 4 beans, 4 tobacco, and 28 arpents cultivated. She died on 8 January 1758 at the age of 59 in (Pointe Coupée Parish), Louisiana, USA.1594 She was buried on 8 January 1758 in (Pointe Coupée Parish), Louisiana, USA.1595

[Note: Anne was married three times. Her first marriage was to Nicolas Sarrazin in about 1720. Her 2nd marriage was to Gabriel Laurens Bordelon on 20 February 1730 at New Orleans. Her third marriage was to Jean Stephan dit Roquancourt as outlined on this page. Of course, based on the info listed above, she likely had a child out-of-wedlock by an unknown father.]

Children were:

i.

Perrine (Petronille) STEPHAN was born on 26 April 1742 in (Pointe Coupée Parish), Louisiana, USA.2116 She was baptized on 3 May 1742 in (Pointe Coupée Parish), Louisiana, USA.2116

547

ii.

Anne STEPHAN.