Thirteenth Generation


5286. Claude JAUDOUIN/JODOIN was born in 1636 in France.251 He appeared in the census in 1666 in Montréal (Nôtre Dame)(Québec Province), Canada as a 27-year-old domestic of the Supliciens. He appeared in the census in 1667 in Montréal (Québec Province), Canada with his wife, Anne Tomassin (Thomas), and their infant son, Claude. The couple had 2 arpents of land under cultivation. In the spring of 1667, Jean Talon, the first Intendant of New France, made a census of I’île de Montréal. He then went through the dwellings to inquire into the needs and grievances of each inhabitant. While doing so, he received complaints from several colonists about a captain of the Carignan-Salières regiment who was in garrison at Villemarie and had terrorized the population. Complaints were received from Jean Beaudoin, Mathurin Marsta, André Demers, Claude Jaudoin, Anne Thomas (Jaudouin's wife), and Marie Anne Hardy (wife of Pierre Malet). A superior officer in the troops and nephew of Colonel de Salières, Sieur de la La Frédière took advantage of his authority to try to annoy the weak and to appease his shameful passions. In love with Claude Jaudouin's wife, Anne Thomas, La Frédière had unjustly imposed on Jaudouin a 19-day duty to keep him away from his home to allow Frédière to have a free field for his criminal desires with Anne Thomas. On another occasion he had imprisoned and put in irons an inhabitant called André Demers, then condemned him to undergo the torture of a wooden horse with one hundred and twenty pound weights. The 'crime' committed by Demers was that he prevented La Frédière from hunting through his corn field and ruining his harvest. La Frédière was openly dealing brandy with the Indians, and commiting theft in defiance of the laws by adding a considerable proportion of water to the alcohol he exchanged for the Indian's pellets. Some of the other officiers who were not satisifed with only selling the Indians liquor in their settlements, followed them to their hunting fields, so that they continuously drank and remained in a drunken stupor which dramatically reduced the number of skins brought back by the Indians to the habitants. Since the habitants of Montréal had gone to great expense in advancing the Indians on credit, arms, powder, and provisions, the habitants were suffering greatly from the lack of return from the Indians on their investment. Father Dollier de Casson stated that if things did not change, the country would be ruined. In his 1667 account, he stated that "it is impossible that it (the country) can hold together if individuals have not the wherewith to buy utensils, linen, clothes, in a country where wheat has no value. Owing to the cupidity of the officiers, the inhabitants, not having any peltry for exchange, are forced to sell their arms to provide the wherewith to cover themselves, and having only their feet and arms to defend themselves, they will become prey of the Iroquois, should they wish to begin to war again." After the facts were brought to Talon's attention regarding the acts of tyranny, injustice, and immorality commited by Sieur de la Frédière, Talon's sense of justice did not allow him to be intimidated by the rank and high position of the culprit. "Indignant at such atrocious conduct," writes Étienne-Michel Faillon (“Histoire de la colonie française en Canada“), "and desirous of rescuing the colony of such a dangerous man, M. Talon expounded his grievances to M. de Tracy, who, in his capacity as head of the army, ordered the Sieur de la Frédière to return to France." This order was signed at Quebec by MM. de Tracy, de Courcelle, and Talon on 27 August 1667. La Frédière wanted to take recourse via his superior officier, who happened to be his uncle, Colonel de Salières. The latter, who believed that the order was an encroachment on his authority, wrote a letter on the 12th of September to the Intendant in which he complained bitterly of the proceedings of Monsieurs Tracy and Courcelle. He diplomatically omitted Monsieur Talon, and attacked only the Lieutenant-General and the Governor, no doubt because he believed they had acted as military leaders. According to Salières, they had no right to take such actions against one of his officers and, outside France, he alone as colonel could, under the express orders of the King, judge offenses of this nature. On receipt of this letter, Talon, who wanted to show the fairness of the actions taken against the unworthy officer, ordered a judicial investigation on 1 September 1667 into the charges against Sieur de la Frédière so that everything would be documented legally. The evidence presented on the 17th through 19th of September was overwhelming as can be seen from the notarial archives of Montréal. In spite of the intervention of his colonel/uncle, La Frédière had to embark, still very happy, however, that he did not have to suffer a more severe punishment. On 29 October 1667, Talon, writing to Jean-Baptiste Colbert on the subject of this captain, said: "He would not obey, supported by M. de Salières, his uncle, who, by his grief and his bad humor, gives us here a lot of and the obstacles to the establishments you order me to do in favor of the officers and soldiers .... Of the judgment that the king will bear on this officer (La Frédière) depends the safety and the maintenance of Canada and the maintenance the authority of the superiors who are in such distant countries." Luckily, justice was served and Sieur de la Frédière was, indeed, banished to France.3105,3106 Claude was killed unexpectedly on 16 October 1686 at about the age of 50 in Montréal (Québec Province), Canada. According to Volume 41 of "Bulletin des Recherches Historiques" Claude Jaudouin was employed at the tannery and was unexpectedly killed by another worker - Nicolas Martin dit Jolycoeur. Martin dit Jolycoeur, unaware that his companion was in the woods, upon hearing a rustling of branches imagined that a bear was coming at him. In fear, he discharged his rifle in the direction of the noise resulting in the unfortunate death of Claude Jaudouin.3104 Anne THOMAS and Claude JAUDOUIN/JODOIN1385 were married on 22 March 1666 in Montréal (Nôtre Dame)(Québec Province), Canada.1,2389

5287. Anne THOMAS was born between 1641 and 1646 in Vincennes (Val-de-Marne) (Ile-de-France Region), France.251,1770 She was a "King's Daughter". The King's Daughters or "Filles du roi" were a group of approximately 800 young French women who immigrated to New France between 1663 and 1673 as part of a program by Louis XIV to furnish brides for the male immigrants. They were usually between the age of 12 and 25, had to supply a letter of reference from their parish priest and were provided a dowry by the King. The King also paid for their transport to New France. Most of the women were commoners of humble birth, were held to very high standards and were required to be physically fit enough to survive the hard work demanded of immigrants to the fledgling colony. She came to the New World via/on "Le St. Jean Baptiste de Dieppe". The vessel arrived in Québec on 18 June 1665.2071 She appeared in the census in 1667 in Montréal (Québec Province), Canada with her husband, Claude Jaudouin, and their infant son, Claude. The couple had 2 arpents of land under cultivation.. Anne died on 12 April 1724 at the age of 83 in Rivière-des-Prairies (Québec Province), Canada.1,2390 She was buried on 13 April 1724 in Rivière-des-Prairies (Saint-Joseph) (Québec Province), Canada.1,2390

[Note: Anne's 2nd marriage was to Pierre Godambert dit DesJardins about 1691 in Varennes or Montréal.]

Children were:

i.

Claude JODOIN was baptized on 31 January 1667 in Québec (Québec Province), Canada.2911

ii.

Jacques JODOIN was born about 1668 in Canada.2911 He was buried on 5 January 1682 in Montréal (Québec Province), Canada.2911

2643

iii.

Marie Rose JAUDOUIN.

iv.

Thomas JODOIN was baptized on 24 March 1673 in Boucherville (Québec Province), Canada.2911 He was born 23 March 1673 at Contrecœur (Québec Province), Canada.2911 He died after 1681.

v.

Antoine JODOIN was baptized on 6 May 1675 at Contrecœur.2911 He was born 15 April 1675.2911 He died 28 March 1681 at Contrecœur (Québec Province), Canada and was buried there on 29 March 1681.2911

vi.

Barbe JODOIN was born on 17 February 1677 and baptized the same day at Boucherville (Québec Province), Canada.2911 She was cited at Hôtel-Dieu Hôpital on 9 April 1697.2911

vii.

Madeleine JODOIN was born 23 September 1678 and baptized the following day at Boucherville.2911 She died on 21 November 1683 at Longueuil and was buried there the following day.2911

viii.

Jacques JODOIN was born on 7 May 1682 at Varennes (Québec Province), Canada and baptized there the following day.2911

ix.

Andre JODOIN was born about 16 July 1684 at Varennes (Québec Province), Canada and baptized at Boucherville the following day.2911

x.

Louise JODOIN was baptized on 4 June 1687 in Montréal (Québec Province), Canada.2911