Filles du Roi ... King's Daughters



The Filles du Roi or King's Daughters, were some 770 women who emigrated to New France (Canada) between 1663 and 1673, under the financial sponsorship of King Louis XIV of France, with the hope that they would marry and start families in order to populate the new colony. Initially, the girls sent were of good backgrounds and had some education but the men wanted strong, intelligent and beautiful girls of robust health suitable for farm work. Therefore, most were single French women and many were orphans. Their transportation to Canada and settlement in the colony was paid for by the King. Some were given a royal gift of a dowry of 50 livres for their marriage to one of the many unmarried male colonists in Canada although this was often higher if they married an officer. These gifts are reflected in some of the marriage contracts entered into by the couple at the time of their marriage. [Note: Women who migrated to New France between 1634 and 1662 are referred to as "filles à marier" (marriageable girls) and are not considered to be "Filles du Roi".]

"The women debarked in Québec City, Trois-Rivières, and Montreal, and most had few difficulties finding a husband, as single men waited at the docks to begin courting them. If both parties were satisfied with each other, they would seek out a notary to draw up a marriage contract, and usually were married with a few weeks of that in a religious ceremony at the church. Many filles du roi were married within a month of their arrival in New France." (Source: Wikipedia)

The Dowry...50 livres if married to a soldier/habitant; 100 livres if married to an officer. They were also given (by the King):
small hope chest
1 head dress
1 taffeta hankie
1 pair shoe ribbons
1 spool white thread
1 comb 100 sewing needles
1 pair stockings
1 pair gloves
1 pair scissors
2 knives
1000 pins
1 bonnet
4 lace braids

When match made, couple given:
50 livre
pair of chickens, ox, cow
2 barrels salt meat
2 pigs
11 crowns in money

Reading:

List from La Société des Filles du roi et soldats du Carignan
List of the King's Daughters
Wikipedia - King's Daughters
The Filles du Roi
Virtual Museum of New France - Filles du Roi


List of the King's Daughters From Which I'm Descended



BLUBAL" Anne Lemaistre (Lemâitre)
BLUBAL" Charlotte Joly
BLUBAL" Elisabeth/Isabelle Salé
BLUBAL" Françoise Pilois (wife of Andre Berza)
BLUBAL" Françoise Aubé
BLUBAL" Françoise Du Pitié (Pilois/De Pitié) (wife of Andre Casse)
BLUBAL" Jeanne Bernard
BLUBAL" Anne Julienne Dumont
BLUBAL" Louise Bouchard
BLUBAL" Marie Grandin ... her dowry was 350 livres
BLUBAL" Marie Marguerite Lasnon ... her dowry was 300 livres
BLUBAL" Marie Poiré
BLUBAL" Marie Briau (Priault)
BLUBAL" Suzanne (Anne) Rousseau


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